Top 5 Market Shaking Data Reports (and 3 ways
Do things like interest rate decisions and employment statistics make your brain go numb?
You’re not alone. High-level economic data has been making headline news over the last month but goodness me; it can be pretty dry and boring stuff to read about!
I’ve received a few emails from traders who think the same. Their most common question usually boils down to something like this: Why do I need to watch out for economic news that I don’t really understand: can’t I just watch the price charts and trade what I see?
Now in answer to that, let’s have a quick look at the two main analysis options that are available to traders, and how you might still respect economic data, even if the thought of all those statistics makes you feel like nodding off to sleep.
So first things first: would you agree that to make money as a trader you must have an opinion – that you need to nail your colours to the mast and commit one way or the other?
Either you think the market will move higher, so you buy now and hope to exit the trade at a higher price; or you think the market will move lower, so you sell now and hope to exit the trade at a lower price. Those are the two ways to make money, yes?
If you make it your business to be on the right side of the market more often than not, being a buyer in a market about to move upwards and a seller in a market due to move downwards, you’ll obviously do very well indeed. That’s the battle won right there.
Now it’s not as simple as going with your gut and ‘guessing’ what’s going to happen – at least not when you’re starting out (the intuitive style of trading can come with experience though).
What you need is a way to analyse the probability of what’s likely to happen next. It’s what will let you decide when to enter a trade and when you should exit the trade.
Remember, there’s no way to know with certainty what’ll happen. No one’s got a crystal ball, and no trader is right every time, no matter what they might have you believe.
All you need is a way to keep the probability of being right shaded slightly in your favour. And you must have a way to analyse these probabilities so you know what actions you might need to take.
And don’t worry. All this talk of analysis is not as complicated as it sounds: you can keep everything very simple and manageable.
Now when it comes to market analysis there are two schools…
Fundamental analysis Vs Technical analysis
Fundamental analysis is the study of factors affecting the economies of countries and how the value of their currency may likely change when compared to another countries. You’d need to take into account things like changes in central bank’s interest rates, the comments and rhetoric of key economic officers, and data releases that may give clues to changes in economic strength… things like GDP and employment statistics.
Technical analysis is the study of previous activity in the market’s price that can give a clue to the likely direction of future movement. In a nutshell, you look for patterns on price chart of the market that might indicate what’s coming next.
Many traders (me included) concentrate on technical analysis.
There’s actually a theory that any fundamental information available is priced into the market and reflected on the price chart anyway. I agree with this in principle but it’s the fundamental factors that are not known in advance that can cause problems. We saw how a surprise low US employment number can make the markets dance last Friday!
So my approach is to trade in a technical fashion, whilst keeping a healthy respect for any scheduled fundamental data.
You can do it like this too. All it means is that you’d need to keep an eye on the calendar and be aware of when things like interest rate decisions, employment numbers, central bank announcements etc are due to be released, and then tread cautiously when trading around those times.
You just need to keep an eye out for the times of any big reports that are scheduled for the countries whose currencies you are following (I list them for you each week down at the bottom of this eletter). These are the ones that can send the markets a bit crazy for a few minutes!
Here’s a summary of the main scheduled events you might keep an eye on…
Employment Situation – This is the main short-term indicator of economic health. It’s the most closely watched economic statistic because it reflects changes in the economy on a relatively accurate, month-by-month basis. The big one is the US report released on the first Friday of the month (you’ll also see it referred to as ‘Non-Farm Payroll’ or NFP).
Interest Rate Decisions – Central banks review and amend the current base rate on a periodic basis. The idea being they use skill and judgment to encourage sustainable growth in the economy without affecting the stability of the home currency… a delicate balancing act indeed! Anticipated rate changes that do not arrive, or surprise changes that the market was not expecting can be major market-movers.
Trade Balance (or GDP) – The value of a country’s exports minus the cost of its imports gives you the Gross Domestic Product. It tells us if that economy produces more than it consumes. Two consecutive quarters of negative growth and we’re in recession!
Retail Sales Index – This is compiled monthly from a sample survey of large businesses and a representative sample of smaller ones. It gives an idea of consumer’s appetite for spending and is a rough indication of economic strength or weakness.
Comments from key economic figures – Heads of central banks (Janet Yellen in the U.S, Mario Draghi in the Eurozone, Mark Carney here in the UK) and their cohorts can all have a big effect on the market if their comments are off the beaten track, or suggest an unexpected forthcoming change in policy.
There are other reports that come into play too, depending on what the market is focusing on at that particular time.
But what do you actually need to do once you have knowledge a key report is on its way?
This all comes down to the individual strategy or strategies that you employ. Daytraders or scalpers, for example, might close up shop whilst the report hits the market. Swing traders and position traders might not bat an eyelid; the report might actually generate the momentum they are seeking.
Here are the three options you have open to you when it comes to the economic news:
1) You can stand aside. Stop looking for trades 15 minutes before a release, wait for the dust to settle, then go back to business as usual. (Some traders even take the whole day off when the big items are due to be released.)?
2) You can trade the reaction. One way is to place resting stop orders that will get you into the trade as it breaks out on the release of the report. You can even place stop orders both above and below the market, letting you take advantage of a break in either direction?.
3) You can take a position BEFORE the report. Take an outright position according to your analysis of the likely direction of the reaction to the report. You then let the momentum created by the news propel your trade along in double-quick time.
So there’s no need to fear economic reports. Just make sure you give some thought to their effect on your own particular campaigns… If you’re a very short-term trader you might be well advised to avoid them like the plague. On the other hand, if you’re a position trader you might welcome the directional volatility they can create with open arms. As always, choose the way that suits YOU.
Be Prepared: Market Moving Data Coming This Week (London Time)
Wednesday 7th October:
09:30 GBP Manufacturing production
Thursday 8th October:
12:00 GBP Interest Rate Decision
19:00 GBP Carney Speaks
19:00 USD FOMC minutes
Friday 9th October:
– No big reports
Monday 12th October:
– No big reports
Tuesday 13th October:
09:30 GBP Consumer Price Index
So not a great deal of activity on the scheduled report front this week, but Wednesday evening is the one to watch… Carney speaking on behalf of the Bank of England at the same time the Federal Reserve releases its meeting minutes over in the states – that combination could cause a few ructions!?
Until next time…